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Exploration of Connotative Development of Old City Based on Smart Growth Theory
Author: Zhang Daoming Bi Yan Ming
Source: Theoretical Observation, No. 09, 2014
[Abstract] At present, the rapid development of cities in our country and the disorderly spread have seriously affected the future development space of cities. This article introduces the smart growth theory, points out that the smart growth theory has important practical significance for guiding the redevelopment and connotative development of the old urban areas of the city. At the same time, it explores the strategy of comprehensive reconstruction of the old urban areas in the "Huxi District" of Qiqihar City. The planning concept of conscientious redevelopment of the old urban area based on smart growth theory, and starting from the old urban redevelopment positioning, replanning concepts, strategies and measures, etc., analyze the entire old urban area's reform concepts and methods, and try to use smart growth Explore theoretically the living environment, transportation facilities, greening landscapes, public services, and redevelopment strategies of urban facilities in old urban areas.
[Keywords] urban sprawl; smart growth; connotative, strategy
[China Classification Number] TB [Document Identification Code] B [Article Number] 1009 — 2234 (2014) 09 — 0046 — 02
At the end of the 20th century, the U.S. planning community responded to the disorderly spread of cities, and the rapid expansion of suburbs led to the continuous expansion of urban land.
Then a series of problems such as urban traffic congestion, environmental pollution and destruction, occupation of agricultural land, loss of traditional culture, etc. were proposed, and the urban smart growth theory was proposed [1, 2]. The purpose is to curb the disorderly "urban sprawl", promote urban redevelopment, protect urban resources and the environment, and plan urban development scientifically and reasonably. The smart growth theory is based on improving the effective use of urban land, and puts forward the concepts of controlling urban expansion and development, protecting the urban ecological environment, improving the quality of life of residents, and establishing a scientific and reasonable urban sustainable development model . It adopts different strategies to rationally restrict or guide the total amount, structure, location, direction, timing, policy and efficiency of urban expansion, restrain the disorderly spread of cities, improve land use efficiency, and realize the effective allocation of urban resources and environment. To guide the rational arrangement, distribution and flow of all elements within the city. At present, China's land resources are facing three problems of protecting cultivated land, urban development, and ecological construction . It is necessary to explore the optimal allocation of land resources, scientific and efficient intensive use, and ultimately to achieve sustainable use of land resources. Therefore, the use of smart growth theory in urban construction, planning of natural resources, ecologically sensitive areas and urban development areas around the city, and land-filled development and redevelopment in old urban areas, thereby expanding urban development space, is a solution to urban disorder. Effective means to spread the problem. Based on the land redevelopment model advocated by smart growth, this article explores the approach of connotative redevelopment of the old town on the west side of the labor lake in Qiqihar City.
Qiqihar is an ancient city with a long history and culture, but also a new industrial city with great development potential. A number of national pillar enterprises such as China First Heavy Industry Co., Ltd. Qi Machine Tool Co., Ltd., Qi CNC Co., Ltd. and Qi Track Equipment have settled here, which has a solid industrial foundation. In terms of natural environment, Qiqihar has an excellent ecological environment, backed by large and small Xing'an Mountains, is located in the hinterland of the Songnen Plain, and has good vegetation and natural forest resources. The Nenjiang River runs along Qiqihar City. The lake runs through the city and is adjacent to the national nature reserve Zhalong wetlands. Qiqihar City is located on the alluvial fan plain of Nenjiang River, forming fertile farmland around the city. At present, the protection of these natural resources and the expansion of urban development have formed contradictions. To this end, the 12th Party Congress of Qiqihar City established the