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Summary of Chinese Geography Review Notes (Special Details)
Physical Geography of China
Terrain of China
The general characteristics of the terrain. Characteristics and distribution of various types of terrain. The influence of terrain on China's natural environment and economic development. Distribution of earthquake zones and volcanoes in China.
Characteristics of winter and summer temperature distribution and their causes. Distribution characteristics of annual precipitation and its causes. Impact of monsoon activity on precipitation. Monsoon and non-monsoon regions. The main characteristics of the climate. Main meteorological disasters and their impact on production and life.
Chinese Rivers, Lakes and Oceans
Outflow area and inflow area. Main rivers and their hydrological characteristics. The distribution of lakes. The main lake.
Overview of the Yangtze River; water systems and hydrological characteristics; economic significance; development and utilization and governance.
Overview of the Yellow River; water system and hydrological characteristics; economic significance; development and utilization and management.
Water system composition and hydrological characteristics of the Pearl River. Development and utilization of water energy resources in Hongshui River.
Section 1 China's Terrain
When studying the main terrains of China, you should combine the blank administrative area maps of China, first draw the mountains on the map, write the names, and then fill in the corresponding terrain area names on both sides.
⒈ Topography: west high east low, three steps
Including the entire Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, most of the East China Sea and part of the South China Sea. The continental shelf contains abundant mineral resources (such as oil and gas), marine biological resources, and chemical resources.
意义 Topographical significance:-Water vapor input, water transport communication, and abundant water energy (ie "three waters")
The topography determines the direction of the river, which is conducive to the humid airflow from the ocean to the inland and form precipitation; it makes many large rivers in China roll eastward, communicate between east and west, and facilitate the economic connection between the coast and the inland. Unfavorable shipping.
[Supplement] The hydropower stations on the border of China ’s first- and second-tier ladders are: Longyangxia, Liujiaxia, Lijiaxia, etc. of the Yellow River, Gongzui, Ertan, etc. on the Yangtze River and its tributaries; The hydropower stations on the steps are: Xiaolangdi of the Yellow River, etc., Three Gorges, Gezhouba, etc. on the Yangtze River, Tiansheng Bridge, Longtan, Yantan, etc. in the upper reaches of the Xijiang River.
特点 Topographical characteristics: ——Various terrains and vast mountain areas
There are five basic types, but most are 33% in mountainous areas, 26% in plateaus, 19% in basins, 12% in plains, and 10% in hills. Mountainous areas include mountains, hills, and rugged plateaus, which account for two-thirds.
① Favorable influence: The terrain is diverse, which provides favorable conditions for the development of diversified operations based on local conditions. For example, the plain has the advantage of developing crops, the plateau has good conditions for the development of animal husbandry, and the mountains