Infringement complaint

Taizong ten thoughts

I. Goal Leadership

1. Grasp the characteristics of real words, functional words, linguistic phenomena, and sentence patterns. 2. Learn the methods of comparative and metaphorical arguments in this article.

3. To understand this article, first set up metaphors, then play according to events, and finally lead to the theme of argumentation.

4. Recognize the role of "stay calm, avoid extravagance and frugality" at the time and its significance today.

Teaching materials

Focus on the key points: Read the full text, master the words and the classical phenomenon, and clarify the author's argumentation.

Solving Difficulties: Learn the methods of comparative and metaphorical argumentation in this article; understand the content of Ten Thoughts and its practical significance.

Third, learning method leading

Ways of thinking: to start learning through independent, cooperative, and inquiring methods.

First, import

It is risky to ridicule the emperor, and it requires great wisdom and courage. Bi Gan dug his heart, Qu Yuan was banished, and it has been passed down through the ages. However, the famous eunuch of the Tang Dynasty, Wei Zhengzheng, was mostly accepted. Not only did he not invite the killing of the body, he was often praised by Tang Taizong. Wei Zheng "frequently sparsely, with Chen's gains and losses" (this is the second sparse), Taizong awakened, and wrote "Answer to Wei Zhengshou" to praise him. Now let's study Wei Zheng's Ten Thoughts of Taizong and appreciate how he wrote this article.


1. About the author: Wei Zheng, he was a famous statesman and historian in the early years of the Tang Dynasty. After his death, Tang Taizong personally wrote an inscription and said to his aides: "People use bronze as a mirror to correct their clothes; using ancient as a mirror, we can know how to replace them; using humans as a mirror, we can gain and lose. Ugh. "

2. Background This article is an elaboration by Wei Zheng to Tang Taizong in the eleventh year of Zhenguan (AD 637). In his early years, Emperor Tang Taizong was very meticulous and well-known. Later, after pursuing foreign objects and building palace gardens, Wei Zheng kept reminding him of the historical lessons of the rise and fall of his predecessors. This article is one of Wei Zheng's links to Sishu. The article was written with care and sincerity.

3. Shu: A stylistic, subsection-by-section meaning, mainly referring to the subjugation of subordinates' statements to the monarch.

3. Dredge the text


2.Read the text

3. Paragraph analysis

(1) (1 summarizes what was written in the first paragraph:

Clearly put forward the central argument: the monarch must "think in peace, refrain from extravagance and frugality." (No. 1 in each group, the teacher chooses 2 answers)

Teacher's summary: Paragraph 1 clearly puts forward the central argument: the monarch must "think in peace, refrain from extravagance and frugality." At the beginning of the article, two metaphorical sentences "the elder who seeks wood must solidify its roots; the one who wants to flow far away must drain its source" to positively demonstrate the principle that "those who think of the country must accumulate their virtues." Then, following on from the above, use a paraphrase to describe the dangers of insecurity from the opposite side.

"Human monarchs are the most important artifacts, and they are the largest in the territory." They point out the lofty status and great responsibility of monarchs. To fulfill the important task of administering the country, one must "save peace and be in danger, and abstain from extravagance and thrift." "Be safe, be extravagant, and be frugal" is the historical experience of the rulers of all generations. The eleventh year of Zhenguan was the heyday of Emperor Taizong, and Wei Zheng raised this point with great insight. (2 What metaphorical sentences are in the first paragraph? What viewpoints are involved?

Metaphorical sentence: "The elder who seeks the wood will dredge its fountain"

"The source is not rooted, but rooted."

"Svay's desire to grow is also long"

Opinions: (1) Those who think of peace in the country must accumulate their virtues. (2) Stay safe and consider danger, and abstain from extravagance and thrift.

The abstract reasoning of Jide An'an is compared with the common sense of life such as solid foundation and longevity, so that the discussion becomes more vivid and easy to understand.

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