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Each TOEFL reading question type is broken—insert a blank question Many students report that they will always encounter errors of this kind when doing reading questions. I hope the following content can help students understand the reading question types and familiarize them with their solution To help everyone improve reading.
We start with a relatively simple question type in TOEFL, which is sentence insertion.
Students with OG can refer to page 48 of OG and take a closer look at the description of the test site for this topic by ETS. The core is what the book says: "It is not only necessary to understand the logic of this article, but also the grammatical connection between sentences (such as the designation of pronouns)."
Next, let's talk about the problem of inserting questions based on the relationship between logic and grammar.
First, we need to understand the key to intervening questions-clue words. The so-called clue words are words that allow us to understand the logical or grammatical connection between sentences.
General clue words fall into the following categories:
The first category: pronouns, such as this, it, they If the sentence to be inserted has a pronoun, but the content referred to by the pronoun does not appear in the sentence itself, then we can find the pronoun based on the singular and plural number of the pronoun. And insert it after the sentence.
Example: Where would the sentence best fit?
This is a question that has puzzled scientists for ages.
Extinct but already fully marine cetaceans are known from the fossil record. ■ How was the gap between a walking mammal and a swimming whale bridged? ■ Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans.
■ Very exciting discoveries have finally allowed scientists to reconstruct the most likely origins of cetaceans. ■ In 1979, a team looking for fossils in northern Pakistan found what proved to be the oldest fossil whale.
Seeing this, it clearly refers to what was mentioned earlier. According to a question that has puzzled scientists for ages in the second half of the sentence, I learned that the reference content of this turned out to be a question and a scientific problem. Looking at the four insertion points of the original text, the second one is obviously very suitable.
The second category: nouns, which usually appear in sentences in the form: this / these / such / another… + noun
If the clue word in the sentence is not a pronoun of the first type, but a form like the above, then this last noun is our clue word, and students must be sensitive to this word. This term usually appears in the original text, we have to find this place, and then insert the sentence in the appropriate place.
Where would the sentence best fit?