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Shandong Library Quarterly 2007
Exploring Zhang Xuecheng's Classic Bibliography from the Methodological Perspective
(Fujian Normal University Library, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007)
[Abstract] A generation of Chinese scholar Zhang Xuecheng has a wide range of insights and academic creations. Zhang Xuecheng correctly grasps the tradition, pays attention to originality, and integrates the strengths of the public. Therefore, he uses “,,, and records to push to a new commanding height for preliminary analysis and evaluation. .
[Keywords] Zhang Xuecheng [A
Innovation in school, although slightly controversial. It is interesting that Zhang Xuecheng himself disagrees with the proper name of bibliography and pushes it as "school aunt", but in fact the problem he is still involved in is the theoretical system in bibliography. He will name his monograph "Tongyi Tongyi". This book has become a masterpiece of classical Chinese bibliography, together with his "Summary of Examination of History Books," "History of Examination of History Books," "Examination of History," "History Examination" and "Literary History Tongyi" and other works, post scholars can extract its academic essence. The author believes that academics are academic and academic, and that technique is methodology. Zhang Xuecheng not only can reach the distance, but also has an independent weathervane. Therefore, from a modern perspective, the significance of Zhang Xuecheng's classical bibliographic methodology should be grasped from the following aspects. 1 Refining historical precipitation and establishing academic themes
Chinese classical bibliography has a long history, Liu Xiang, Liu Ye is a peak, Zheng Ye is a peak, then, Zhang Xuecheng is a master, whose depth of theory has surpassed the Confucianism of previous generations, and took the lead to open a new situation in the bibliographic business for more than 2,000 years. .
When studying Zhang Xuecheng's bibliography, one can find that comprehensively summing up the historical tradition, digging and refining the ancients' accumulation, combing the ancient classics with the development of the historical perspective, and consciously creating an academic system. This is the most prominent methodological feature of Zhang Xuecheng. Before Zhang Xuecheng, Chinese classical bibliography seemed to be turbulent, and the editors and editors came out in great numbers. Beginning with Sima Qian, Liu Xiang, and Liu Ye, Ban Han's "Hanshu Yiwenzhi" in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zheng Jing's "Zhong Jing" in Zheng Jin, the "New Book of Chinese Classics", Li Chongli's "Bibliography", and Wang Jian's "Seven Zhi" "Liang Ruan Xiaoxu wrote" Seven Records "," Seven Forests "of Sui Xushanxin," Sui Su Jing Ji Ji "in the early Tang Dynasty, Song Zhengyi" Tongzhi School Strategy ", Ming Jiao" Guo Shi Jing Ji Ji "until The Qing Dynasty's "General Catalog of Siku Quanshu" and so on, these writings and scholars' practice undoubtedly contributed a lot to the inheritance of Chinese classical bibliography, but in essence, it is a very objective and unconscious natural flow.
Zheng Zheng, the subjective consciousness of bibliography serving academic research has only begun
It is sprouting, but it is still shallow. With the increasing enrichment of books, the gradual development of historical materials and documentation, the original bibliography no longer meets the needs regardless of classification or genre, and the diligent Zhang Xuecheng has found certain principles and theoretical flaws of scholars of all ages. Adhering to the usual "holding the atmosphere" and opposing the "study atmosphere" of the academic philosophy, in the period of the Qianlong Jiaqing year of research, the trend prevailed, and he dared to dive into history, carefully analyze the ancients' gains and losses, sum up experience, and persevere. Classical bibliographic theory research and practical activities.
As a matter of fact, the origin of an academic theory is gradually accumulated, not from the beginning. Only when the momentum comes into being can it be invented. He clearly stated in the "Literature of History and History" that "gradual progress, not out of it" has already affirmed this meaning. Through combing and reorganizing historical classics, and identifying and comparing the methods of the masters of the masters, Zhang Xuecheng can correctly understand the path of learning, and examine the historical accumulation in an all-round way with a unique perspective. He draws nutrition from the tradition in a large amount, marking "Zong Liu" The principle of writing, supplementing Zheng, Zhengsu is based on revealing the content of the book, focusing on the big picture, and operating carefully. For the first time in the history of Chinese classical bibliography, the academic guiding ideology of "discrimination of academics and examination of the source of the mirror" is explicitly put forward. Bibliographic work has been promoted to a new academic level. For example, the writing of the preface is to "describe the department, distinguish the chapters, distinguish the six arts, and declare the avenue, which is not necessary for the first and second periods." The summary is written to be able to "Inferring its purpose, to see what the ancients said has things and have constant behavior, then all the unsubstantiated Chinese words and drafts of essays can also be governed by the reason, which is one of the most discriminating academics", Zhang Xuecheng Major creative ideas are widely praised. Laixinxia, a famous modern bibliographer, believes that Zhang Xuecheng connected books, bibliography, and academic research into a series of inseparable circular relationships, and the academic research centered around it was a major achievement in the construction of bibliography in the Qing Dynasty. This highly conscious and subjective emphasis on the bibliography's guiding ideology that it should serve academic research is more objective than serving the academic purely.