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Eight tenses of junior high school English
Ⅰ. Review of Eight Tense Inductions in Junior English
Tense is a vital content in English learning. The majority of junior high school students are often troublesome with tenses when they are actually used. Let us summarize these tenses.
First, the present tense:
Concept: Frequent, repetitive actions or behaviors, and a current situation.
always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month), once a week, on Sundays, etc.
Basic structure: ①be verb; ②behavior verb
Negative forms: ①am / is / are + not; ② If the predicate verb in this tense is an action verb, don't is added before it. If the subject is a third person singular, use doesn't and restore the action verb.
General interrogative sentences: ① Put the be verb at the beginning of the sentence; ② Use the auxiliary verb do to ask questions. If the subject is a third person singular, use does, and at the same time, restore the action verb.
General past tense:
Concept: actions or states that occurred at a certain time in the past; habitual and recurring actions and behaviors in the past.
Time adverbs: ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week (year, night, month), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc. : ①be verb; ②behavior verb
Negative form: ① was / were + not; ② add didn't before the action verb, and restore the action verb.
General interrogative sentences: ① put was or were at the beginning of the sentence; ② use the past tense of the auxiliary verb do to ask questions and restore the action verbs.
3. The present tense:
Concept: Represents the actions and behaviors currently in progress or while speaking.
Adverbs of time: now, at this time, these days, etc.
Basic structure: am / is / are + doing
Negative form: am / is / are + not + doing.
General Question: Put the be verb at the beginning of the sentence.
4. In the past:
Concept: Represents an action or action that was taking place or was taking place at a certain time or in the past.
Adverbs of time: at this time yesterday, at that time or when predicate verbs guided by when are the adverbs of time in the past tense.
Basic structure: was / were + doing
Negative form: was / were + not + doing.
General questions: Put was or were at the beginning of the sentence.
V. Now when completed:
Concept: the impact or result of actions that occurred or completed in the past, or actions or states that have started from the past and continue to the present.
Adverbs of time: recently, lately, since for, in the past few years, etc.
Basic structure: have / has + done
Negative form: have / has + not + d one.
General questions: have or has.
When the past is completed:
Concept: Take a certain time in the past as the standard, an action or behavior that happened before, or an action that was completed before a certain action in the past, that is, "past past".