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Review of Marxist Fundamentals
Introduction to the Basic Principles of Marxism
Examination time: Monday, July 6 from 9:00 to 11:00
One: The origin and innovation of Marxism
Source: German Classical Philosophy, English Classical Political Economy, English-French Utopian Socialism
Innovation: Marx and Engels critically inherited the achievements of their predecessors, founded the historical materialism and surplus value theory, and realized the great revolution in the history of human thought. The Marxism they founded during this period analyzed and criticized various issues that have been raised by human advanced thought, and made a scientific discussion of the theoretical issues raised in the development of the capitalist era. Marxist philosophy provides a brand-new worldview and methodological principles for understanding history and time issues. Marxist political economy reveals the secret of capitalist exploitation and the historical fate that it must be replaced by socialism through a deep analysis of the inherent contradictions, operating mechanisms, and development laws of the capitalist mode of production. On the basis of the two major discoveries of historical materialism and surplus value theory, scientific socialism clarifies the objective law of the transformation from a capitalist society to a socialist and communist society, and clarifies the historical conditions for the complete liberation of the proletariat and the proletariat's The historical mission has transformed socialism from fantasy to science. 2: What is the most fundamental world outlook and methodology of Marxism (the most fundamental theoretical characteristics of Marxism) Dialectical materialism and historical materialism are the most fundamental world outlook and methodology of Marxism
Three: What is the most distinctive political position of Marxism
All theories and struggles of Marxist parties should be devoted to the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, with the working people as the main body. This is the most distinctive political position of Marxism
Four: The most important theoretical quality of Marxism
It is the most important theoretical quality of Marxism to insist on starting from reality, integrating theory with reality, seeking truth from facts, and testing truth and developing truth in practice.
V: The noblest social ideal of Marxism
The realization of a communist society that is extremely rich in material wealth, the spiritual state of the people is greatly enhanced, and everyone is free and comprehensively developed is the noblest social ideal of Marxism
Six: Attitude towards Marxism
We must adhere to Marxism unwaveringly. This is in terms of the basic principles, viewpoints, and methods of Marxism. With the development of the times and changes in historical conditions, we are required to continuously enrich and develop Marxism in practice on the basis of adhering to the basic principles of Marxism. We must adapt to the development of practice, test everything with practice, and guide new practice with developing Marxism. We must persist in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, and advancing with the times.