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The college entrance examination English grammar topic review classification compilation attributive clauses and adverbial clauses
1. Attributive clauses
Julia was good at German, French and Russian, all of ______ she spoke fluently. (2011 · 湖南 卷 25)
A. who B. whom C. which D. that
[Analysis] Select C. We talked about three languages, German, French, and Russian, which are antecedents. all of which = of which all = and all of them, as non-limiting attributive clauses.
Test site 1. Comparison of restrictive attributive clauses and non-restrictive attributive clauses:
Ⅰ. Attributive clause
Examination point 2. When prepositions + relative pronouns are used together, the use of prepositions
She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction ______ had taken more than three years. (2011 · 江西 卷 34)
A. for which B. with which C. of which D. to which
[Analysis] Select C. The construction of the museum took more than 3 years. We can say whose construction, we can also say the construction of which = of which the construction, the preposition of indicates the affiliation.
When the preposition is advanced, the form of the attributive clause is: preposition + which / whom, that or who cannot be used. The selection of prepositions is generally based on the collocation relationship between the verbs and the prepositions.
Test site 3.as and which guide non-restrictive attributive clauses
Example 1: Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ______ is a stupid thing to do in such weather. (2011 · National Outline Volume 7)
A. this B. that C. what D. which
[Analysis] Select D. which leads to an attributive attributive clause. Refers to the entire content of the previous sentence.
Example 2: ______ is know to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.
A. It B. As C. That D. What
[Analysis] Select B. A and D cannot lead attributive clauses, and C cannot lead non-definite attributive clauses. As is known to everybody = As everybody knows. This sentence can also be replaced with It is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month. = What is known to everybody is that the moon travels round the earth once every month.
The same points of as and which: