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National exam interview hotspots: where to go from the garbage
1. Garbage is an accessory of urban development. The city and people operate, generating hundreds of millions of tons of garbage each year. On the one hand, there is a growing amount of urban garbage, and on the other hand, the unbearable stench of garbage becomes a difficult problem in the treatment of urban garbage. The fast-growing Chinese cities are suffering from the "garbage siege".
In March 2009, Chen Yong, director of the Beijing Municipal Management Committee, urged that the garbage crisis in Beijing is about to occur. "This will be a very terrible thing." In Beijing, "garbage siege" is not the first time. As early as 1983, the simple landfilling of garbage resulted in piles of garbage on the belt zones of the Third and Fourth Ring Roads in Beijing. There were more than 4,700 garbage piles above 50 square meters! In order to break through the siege, Beijing invested 2.3 billion before gradually capturing this amazing siege.
Statistics show that 2/3 of the 600+ large and medium-sized cities in the country are surrounded by garbage, and 1/4 of the cities have no suitable place to pile up garbage. Statistics show that the total amount of urban garbage piled up in the country has reached 7 billion tons over the years, and the amount of waste is increasing at a rate of about 8.98% each year. Beijing produces garbage every day
183,000 tons, an annual increase of 8%. And Beijing's garbage disposal capacity is only 10.41 million tons per day, with a gap of up to 8,000 tons.
A few days ago, Minister of Environmental Protection Zhou Shengxian made a report on environmental protection issues. Most of the 40,000 towns and nearly 600,000 administrative villages across the country do not have environmental protection infrastructure and generate 280 million tons of domestic waste every year. Scrape, sewage by evaporation "state.
2.China began to promote waste classification and recycling in 2002, but the effect is not very good at present. 45.9% of urban residents think that the weak awareness of garbage classification is the most important problem in local waste disposal. 60.8% of rural residents think that people The awareness of garbage disposal is weak; in the eyes of urban residents, the "lack of garbage separation and recovery facilities" is also a major problem facing garbage disposal (35.6%). In addition, 18.8% of urban residents believe that China's garbage disposal technology is backward.
Zhao Penggao, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission's Department of Environmental Resources, said at the ASEAN Expo that the pressure on domestic waste disposal in China is not small, but government policies and financial support are also very strong. Zhao Penggao said that during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, China will focus on the harmless treatment of domestic waste, and the state will invest 6 billion yuan to support it, and will launch related favorable policies to encourage investment by enterprises. Local governments have also invested 45 billion to encourage the clean treatment of waste, and private capital will enter the waste incineration investment area.
3. The classification of domestic garbage in Japan is mainly based on general garbage, hazardous garbage, large garbage and resource garbage.