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Primary School Chinese Review
Primary school Chinese general review classification information
I. Chinese Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin is a tool to help literacy and learning Mandarin. In elementary school, it is required to be proficient in initials, finals, pinyin, tones, overall syllables and some spelling rules, to be able to spell and spell syllables correctly; to be able to recite and dictate the alphabet in sequence, recognize capital letters, and use sequence order to check Dictionary; can use Pinyin for literacy, regular pronunciation and learning Mandarin.
1. Initials, finals, and tones Generally speaking, a Chinese character is a syllable. Most Chinese syllables are composed of initials and finals. The initial syllable is called the initial, and the syllable after the initial is called the final.
Tone is the change of high, low, rising, falling, curved, straight of sound. There are four tones in Mandarin speech, called four tones, and their names are Yin Ping, Yang Ping, Shang Sheng, Qu Sheng.
Keys are symbols that mark tones. Expressed by ˉˊˇˋ. The following tips can help you master the tuning rules: do n’t miss a, find a, o, e, i, u are marked side by side. Needless to say, a single vowel is used to mark the point of i. If you do n’t mark, leave it blank . Practice
(1) Read, write, write, and carefully review the following Pinyin letters and the overall recognition of syllables.
Initial: bpmfdtn I gkhjqx zh ch sh rzcyw
Single vowel: aoeiu û
Complex vowel: ai ei ui ao ou iu ie ûe er
Nasal vowel: an en in un ûn ang eng ing ong
Overall recognition of syllables: zhi chi shi ri zi ci si yi wu yu ye yue yin yun yuan ying
(2) Tune the phonetic symbols of the following words.
bing qing yu jie si kong jian guan lei ting wan jun mang ran ruo shi
2. Alphabet and capital letter alphabet:
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
The alphabetical arrangement can be used to arrange the sequence, which is convenient for checking the dictionary. Elementary school students are required to be proficient in the case of the letters and the order of the finals.