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Reading Modes of Modern Chinese Reading Appreciation and Solutions

Reading Modes of Modern Chinese Reading Appreciation and Solutions

Reading Modes of Modern Chinese Reading Appreciation and Solutions

I. Questions about language rhetoric:

Drawing class

How to ask: Do you replace a word in another sentence with another line? why? Or: Is it OK to say one sentence of the article as another? why?

Answer mode: No. Because the word vividly and specifically (image, accurate) wrote + object + effect, after changing it becomes + bad effect. Or: No, because the word is more emotional than the other word (or the word is more relevant to the personality of the subject than the other word).

Verb: No. Because the word is written accurately and vividly

Adjective: No. Because the word is vividly described

Adverbs (such as Du, Dadu, very only, etc.): No. Because the word exactly describes the situation (table degree, table limit, table time, table range, etc.), it becomes after changing, which is not consistent with the facts.

Example answer: dense forests in the mountains and hidden springs. Sometimes, the spring water flashes through the sparse forests, and looking forward, it is no longer available. The half-dew-like, coquettish state that reminds me of the distance, reminds me of my beloved girl who often walks around my knees when I walk at home. Whenever I reach out to get near her, she will run away from the distance, raising her smile to tease me; when I act indifferently, she runs quietly and pinches my waist. What a naughty child! (Excerpt from Xie Daguang's "Dinghushan Tingquan")

Q: "What a naughty child", why not say "a really cute child"?

A: Because "good one" has stronger emotions than "really", "naughty" is more in line with the character of a daughter than "cute".

Structural class

How to ask: Can the order of two or three words be reversed? why?

Answer mode: No. Because (1) it is inconsistent with the law of people's understanding of things (from shallow to deep, from surface to surface, from phenomenon to essence) (2) the word has a one-to-one correspondence with the above (3) these words are progressive relationships, They are interlocking, expressing ... Example answer: "Remember: those who want to take advantage often don't take advantage!" The father pointed at the poached egg in the bowl and warned his son ... "Remember, people who want to take advantage may want "It's a loss!" The father pointed at the egg and taught his son ... "If you don't want to take advantage, you will not be disadvantaged by life!" The father said meaningfully to his son. (Excerpt from "Poached Egg")

Question: Can the order of the three words "caution", "lesson" and "meaningful" in the text be reversed? why?

Answer: No. Because these three words in the text are a progressive relationship, expressing the father's affection for his son.


Questioning method: What rhetorical method does this sentence use? What's the benefit of writing this way?

Answer mode: Confirmation of rhetorical technique + role of rhetoric itself + combination of sentence context

1. Metaphor: turn plain into vivid, turn esoteric into shallow, turn abstract into concrete. Answer format: vividly written + object + characteristics.

2. Contrast: Give people things' form and emotion (referring to personification), describe vivid images, and express richness. Answer format: vividly written + object + characteristics.

3. Borrowing: Simple to complex, real to virtual, odd to Fan.

4. Exaggeration: set the atmosphere, enhance the infection, enhance the association; create an atmosphere, reveal the essence, and give people inspiration.

5. Duality: easy to chant, easy to memorize, make the words have a sense of music; expressive condensed, lyrical.

6. Ranking: The rhythm is clear, the content is concentrated, and the momentum is enhanced; the narrative is clear, and the analysis is detailed; longer than lyric. Answer format: emphasized + object + characteristics

7. Repeatedly: Scenery lyric appealing; inheritance from top to bottom, distinguishing levels; repeated emphasis, giving a deep impression.

8. Contrast: Make the characteristics of the things expressed or the points of truth expounded more vivid and prominent. Answer format: highlighted

9. Ask questions: Ask and answer questions yourself, ask questions and arouse readers' thinking. Answer format: draws reader's note on + object + characteristics

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